By| Published: January 28th, 2016
Premenstrual syndrome or PMS is the name given to a collection of physical and emotional symptoms that can occur in the two weeks before you have your period.
Nearly all women have some premenstrual symptoms. Each woman’s symptoms are different but the most common symptoms include:
- Mood Swings
- Feeling Depressed, Irritable or Bad-Tempered
- Feeling Upset, Anxious or emotional
- Tiredness or Trouble Sleeping
- Changes in Appetite and Food Cravings
- Feeling clumsy
- Fluid Retention or Feeling Bloated
- Changes to Skin or Hair
- Having Sore or Tender Breasts.
What is the cause of PMS?
The exact cause of PMS is not known. One or more factors may be involved including:
Changes in hormone levels
The levels of the female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone vary naturally during a woman’s menstrual cycle. Hence the symptoms of PMS are likely to be related to the cyclical fluctuation of these hormones.
Weight and exercise
Research has shown that the likelihood of PMS is increased in women who are obese.
Excess of foods with a high salt content, alcohol and caffeinated drinks have been shown to affect mood and energy levels.