Tips to Safeguard Eye Health in Old Age

By HealthSignz | Published: July 15th, 2016

A change in vision is often one of the first signs of ageing. Almost everyone older than 55 years needs glasses at least part of the time.

Vision Changes

• Lenses of the eyes become stiffer and less elastic by age 40
• Reduced ability to focus on nearby objects or small print
• Eye fatigue and headaches become more common during reading
• The sharpness of the vision also declines gradually
• The pupils shrink to about one-third of the size they were at age 20 by age 60
• The pupils may also react more slowly to darkness or bright light
• Bright light makes one feel blinded and there is an inability to see in a dark room
• Glare from sunlight or reflected light becomes more of a problem
• Driving at night may become difficult due to the changes mentioned above
• Risk of developing common eye disorders like cataracts, glaucoma and age related macular degeneration is higher

What we can do

Have a regular eye exam

See an eye specialist regularly, especially as you experience vision changes. Early detection is the best defence against glaucoma, macular degeneration and other serious eye diseases.

Protect your eyes from sunlight

Too much sunlight increases the risk of getting cataracts. When outside, wear sunglasses and a cap or a visor with a brim. These can help reduce glare.

Do not smoke

Smoking also increases the risk of cataracts.

Have adequate light indoors

You will need more light to see even if you do not have vision problems. Increase the light on your work or reading material than turning on an overhead light. This is more effective.

Use eye drops or artificial tear solutions

Ageing eyes produce fewer tears. These products reduce the symptoms of dry eyes.


Good vision is extremely important to fully enjoy our later years. We must take good care of our eyes.

About the author


We are a team of professionals with a significant level of expertise spanning multiple disciplines for over four decades. Identifying health and wellness as the primary factors that drive liveliness in individuals, lead to the integration of our knowledge with our common values – the result is HealthSignz (HS). Driven by passion to contribute to the advancement of the happiness quotient and well being of communities as a whole, we are here to touch as many lives as possible by enriching them with HS.