By| Published: July 15th, 2016
A change in vision is often one of the first signs of ageing. Almost everyone older than 55 years needs glasses at least part of the time.
• Lenses of the eyes become stiffer and less elastic by age 40
• Reduced ability to focus on nearby objects or small print
• Eye fatigue and headaches become more common during reading
• The sharpness of the vision also declines gradually
• The pupils shrink to about one-third of the size they were at age 20 by age 60
• The pupils may also react more slowly to darkness or bright light
• Bright light makes one feel blinded and there is an inability to see in a dark room
• Glare from sunlight or reflected light becomes more of a problem
• Driving at night may become difficult due to the changes mentioned above
• Risk of developing common eye disorders like cataracts, glaucoma and age related macular degeneration is higher
What we can do
Have a regular eye exam
See an eye specialist regularly, especially as you experience vision changes. Early detection is the best defence against glaucoma, macular degeneration and other serious eye diseases.
Protect your eyes from sunlight
Too much sunlight increases the risk of getting cataracts. When outside, wear sunglasses and a cap or a visor with a brim. These can help reduce glare.
Do not smoke
Smoking also increases the risk of cataracts.
Have adequate light indoors
You will need more light to see even if you do not have vision problems. Increase the light on your work or reading material than turning on an overhead light. This is more effective.
Use eye drops or artificial tear solutions
Ageing eyes produce fewer tears. These products reduce the symptoms of dry eyes.
Good vision is extremely important to fully enjoy our later years. We must take good care of our eyes.