By| Published: June 2nd, 2017
Summers can drain the energy from us and make us feel weak and lazy. Sometimes the heat can cause serious health issues leading to medical emergencies such as sun stroke.
What is Sun Stroke?
Common during summer months, sun stroke is a life-threatening condition where the body’s heat-regulating system fails when exposed to high temperatures. Usually classified into three types, sun stroke can damage the whole body, if medical help is not seeked on time.
Heat Cramps usually occur when working or exercising in the hot environment. The body temperature increases such that there is electrolyte imbalance, leading to changes in the body tissues. Heat cramps are known to cause muscle pains as well as spasms in abdomen, arms or legs.
Heat Stroke is a severe form of Hyperthermia in which the core body temperature increases over 40 degrees Celsius. In this case, the body is known to absorb more heat than it can, leading to seizures, no sweating, fainting and even rapid heartbeat.
Heat Exhaustion happens when there is strenuous physical activity in extreme humid and hot environment, leading to increase in the body temperature. In this case, there is loss of water and salt, as the body tries to cool itself.
How Can You Identify Sun Stroke?
- Constant thirst
- Nausea and vomiting
- Rapid, shallow breathing
- Losing consciousness/fainting
- Muscle cramps
Treatment for Sun Stroke:
Treatment for sun stroke usually involves cooling down of the person’s core temperature. One can drink lots of fluids including juices that can help balance needed mineral levels in the body. Cold water bag, when put across the blood vessels close to skin, can soothe and cool the body temperature. However, you should always consult a healthcare professional on observing few symptoms.
Say No to Sun Stroke:
Sun Stroke can be avoided when some healthy summer tips/precautions are taken into consideration.
- Irrespective of age, it is mandatory to keep oneself hydrated all the time. Stick to water and juices and avoid alcohol and aerated drinks.
- Reduce salt intake, as it leads to water retention. Also avoid eating food from outside or that is left out in the open for a long time. Chances are that it might upset the stomach.
- Always protect eyes with sunglasses as it reduces exposure to harmful Ultraviolet A and B rays. To cool down and relax the eyes, you can use cotton balls dipped in rose water.
- Use umbrellas to protect the skin from sun burns or UV rays, if it is mandatory to go out during the afternoons.
- Keep the temperature of house cool using summer slider shades, coolers, or air conditioners.
- Stick to wearing light-coloured and light-weight clothes. Dark colours tend to attract more heat, thus increasing the chances of sun stroke.
- Stick to using mosquito repellents, prickly heat powders as well as foot disinfectants for better hygiene in summers.
- Shower often to keep free of sweat and dirt.
- Also take care of your hair. Help it retain its moisture as summers more likely can dry the natural oils.
Take your first step to good health by avoiding soaring temperature conditions and beat the heat!