What is PCOS?

By Dr. Vijay Bathina | Published: January 18th, 2016

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PCOS is the most common Endocrine Disorder among women between the ages of 18 and 44. It affects approximately 5% to 10% of this age group and is one of the leading causes of poor fertility.

The earliest known description of what is now recognised as PCOS dates from 1721 in Italy.



Symptoms include unpredictable menstrual cycles or a failure to menstruate, high blood sugar, infertility, acne, and an increased amount of body and facial hair.

Women with PCOS often produce higher-than-normal levels of androgen, a male sex hormone. They are also more prone to anxiety and depression, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease, ovarian and uterine cancer.

Polycystic ovary syndrome, or PCOS, is one of the most common conditions disturbing hormone secretion in females. The imbalance of oestrogen and progesterone leads to the growth of multiple harmless cysts on the ovaries.

Tips to help:

Women can benefit by making healthy-eating choices and regular exercise, especially if they are overweight. They must meet their dietician regularly or ask their doctor to recommend a weight-control program.


Follow us to watch our ‘Yoga for PCOS’ series this week.






About the author

Dr. Vijay Bathina

Dr.Vijay Bathina (Physiotherapist) MPT, MIAP, PGDHHM, MMTFI Has over 8 years of experience in Spine Rehab, Gait Analysis & Rehabilitation, Musculo-Skeletal Injury Assessment & Exercise Prescription, Sports Injury Rehabilitation & Sport Endurance Training, Stroke Rehabilitation & Functional Training, and Manual Therapy. Currently heading the Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation at Citizens Hospitals, Hyderabad, he has worked with Medanta, Columbia Asia, and Care hospitals.