By| Published: April 27th, 2017
It is a general perception that vaccination is only for infants and children, and with time adults ignore their health, thinking that they are doing just fine. However, regardless of age, most adults need immunization to be protected against serious and life-threatening diseases.
Vaccination needs for each individual vary. Factors could include previous vaccination shots, their age, the lifestyle they lead, and other medical conditions. The introduction of vaccines has greatly reduced and eliminated many infectious diseases that once threatened the human ecosystem.
Vaccines can lower the chance of adults contacting certain diseases. This is when vaccines work the body’s natural defenses to safely develop immunity to disease, thus lowering the chance of suffering from the disease and related complications.
Vaccines are also known to reduce the chances of spreading a disease.
Recommended Vaccines for Adults:
Every adult needs specific vaccinations in their lifetime. Some of the common ones that are recommended to be protected and maintain a healthy life are given below.
- Seasonal Influenza: Commonly known as flu, it is recommended for all age group especially pregnant women, people with long-term health issues as well as adults over 65 years of age.
However, people who have had allergic reaction to the flu shot or are allergic to eggs or have had Guillain-Barre syndrome should mandatorily check with a healthcare specialist before considering vaccination.
- Pertussis or Whooping cough: This vaccine is suggestible for all adults who have not previously received the Tdap vaccine. It is best for women during pregnancy as it offers a short-term protection to babies against Whooping cough. Individuals who have had allergic reactions to Tdap or have had seizures should avoid.
- Tetanus and Diphtheria: This vaccine is suggestible for adults every 10 years if they are Tdap vaccinated.
- Shingles: This vaccine has only been available since 2006. It works at protecting against a condition called postherpetic neuralgia. The vaccine is recommended for adults who are 60 and above. Adults who are allergic to gelatin or the antibiotic neomycin, or have weak immune system should avoid this vaccination.
- Pneumococcal: To avoid diseases such as pneumonia, meningitis, blood infections vaccines, PCV13 called pneumococcal conjugate vaccine; and PPSV23 called pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine, are recommended. It is for adults who are over 65 years of age, and for adults younger than 65 with specific health conditions.
- MMR vaccine: This vaccine is recommended for adults who have risk of being contacted with contagious diseases such as Measles, Mumps and Rubella.
Pregnant women, patients with HIV or AIDS, and adults who are on cancer medication should avoid this vaccination. Other vaccinations, which adults may require, include those that protect against human papillomavirus (which can cause certain cancers), meningococcal disease, hepatitis A & B, and chickenpox. Adults who opt for immunization, opt long and healthy life. It is always advisable to check with a healthcare specialist to know which vaccine is right for you.