By| Published: July 22nd, 2016
Skin changes are among the most visible signs of aging and are influenced by heredity, nutrition, smoking, sunlight exposure, environmental conditions and other factors.
Skin and Hair Changes
- The skin becomes thinner, drier and less elastic, causing it to wrinkle and sag
- Age spots (liver spots) that look like freckles may begin to appear
- Growths such as skin tags, warts and other blemishes are more common with age
- Production of natural skin oils also slows with age
- Skin on the legs, arms, back and elsewhere becomes red, itchy and scaly
- Changes in hair follicles leads to greying and hair loss
- The hair starts turning grey and has a different texture
- Some thinning of hair also typically occurs in both men and women
- Male and female pattern baldness (less common) may develop
- Hormonal changes after menopause cause facial hairs to coarsen and grow in women
What we can do
Limit sun exposure
Use sunscreen when outdoors, even in winter to prevent sunburn. Wear protective clothing and a cap/hat.
The skin becomes more fragile due to insufficient protein. It is essential for building and healing new tissue. Vitamins A, B and C are all important for skin health. Drink plenty of fluids to protect your skin.
Keep your skin moist
While moisturizers cannot prevent wrinkles, they can temporarily mask creases and lines. Take fewer baths and showers, avoid antibacterial soaps, increase the humidity at home during winter and apply oil to relieve dryness and itching.
Do not smoke
Nicotine in cigarettes constricts the blood vessels that nourish our skin.
Use natural wrinkle treatments
There are prescription creams that contain a synthetic derivative of vitamin A. It makes skin smoother and improves sun-damaged skin. Consult your dermatologist for more information.
Safe hair loss solutions
If thinning hair bothers you, talk to a dermatologist about medications that stimulate hair growth or hair follicle transplantation. Toupees and weaves are other options.
While we cannot undo the effect of years of sun exposure, we can protect our skin from further damage.